The Relationship Between Psychiatric Illnesses and Skin Disease

Each cell, each nerve, each organ of our body is linked with our Psyche. Sometimes we feel sick due to our poor mental condition. For example,

mental stress and negative thinking deliberately harm our body, including our digestion system and cardiovascular process. Do you know our poor emotional condition also affects our skin? It sounds shocking. But yes. It is a shocking truth. Poor mental health speeds up the aging process by increasing free radical formation. However, it also damages our skin externally as well as internally.

For example, when someone is going through a very stressful condition, her face looks dull and dehydrated; we also notice dark circles around her eyes. In this situation, no external treatment is going to help her to rejuvenate their skin. On the other hand, when someone is very happy, you may notice an extra glow, blush beneath the skin. It does not mean she is wearing a highlighter and blush; it can be her inner glow of mental satisfaction.

It has been scientifically proved that there is a direct relationship between our skin and mental health. In this article, we are going to discuss the association between psychiatric illness and skin diseases.

What is Psychodermatologic disorder?

It is a disease that involves the direct interaction between our skin and our mind, basically our nerves. Skin is the largest organ of our body, but it gets affected by intense negative emotions. The Psychodermatologic disorder is divided into three categories, including Psychophysiologic disorder, Primary Psychiatric disorders, and second Psychiatric disorder.

The psychophysiological disorder is linked with skin issues that are not directly linked with our brain. However, that may react to negative emotional states, including anxiety, depression, mood swings, and emotional stress.

Primary Psychiatric condition means the psychiatric situation which consequences in auto cutaneous exposure. Examples are Trichotillomania and delusions of parasitosis.

The second Psychiatric disease is linked with the deformity skin condition. The skin deformity develops due to chronic psychological complications which have been untreated for years—for example, reduced self-confidence, depression, communication problems, social phobia. Mental health experts treat this problem with anxiolytic medications, anxiety-reducing techniques. For very serious cases, they also use Psychotropic medications.

The functions of Psychoneuroimmunology

Now scientists around the world are researching mental health and Psychoneuroimmunology. Here neuropeptides, neurotransmitters, and hormones have a special contribution to Psych dermatological complications. Scientists approved that there is an intense connection between negative emotions and immunology. Negative thoughts like anxiety, fear, anger weaken our innate immunity power.

Stress activates two important neuronal pathways, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and another is the Sympathetic nervous system. When the brain detects external stress, that activates the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus and locus ceruleus. Then the subsequent procedure induces the secretion of adrenocorticotropic hormone from the anterior part of the pituitary gland. This induces the release of Catecholamines and Glucocorticoids from the adrenal gland.

Cortisol hormone is a stress hormone. It functions as a negative feed on the hypothalamus gland and blocks simultaneous secretion of Corticotropin-releasing elements. Both Cortisol and Catecholamines have negative effects on our immune system. They reconstruct antigen-presenting cells, T cells, B cells and block their mechanism and the secretion of Interleukins.

The end of our neurons releases neuropeptides such as Calcitonin gene-associated peptide and P-substance, which has multitudinal effects on inflammatory responses which promote Psychocuteneous disorders.

Psychophysiological disorder classifications

Psychophysiological disorders are conditions that are associated with emotional stress. These conditions have a stress responder and a non-stress responder based on the patient’s skin condition. The intensity of the stress responders is based on the dermatological diagnosis level. There are three types of Psych dermatologic disorder Including:

 

Psychophysiology disorder:

Acne, Alopecia areata, Atopic dermatitis, Psoriasis, Rosacea, Psychogenic Purpura, Urticaria or hives, Seborrheic dermatitis.

 

Primary Psychiatric disorders:

Bromosiderophobia, Delusions of Parasitosis, Dysmorphophobia, factitial dermatitis, Neurotic excoriations, Trichotillomania

Secondary Psychiatric disorders:

Alopecia areata, Cystic acne, Haemangiomas, Ichthyosis, Kaposi’s Sarcoma, Psoriasis, Vitiligo,

The first categories are treatment responsive skin conditions which will respond to topical and advanced levels of treatment irrespective of stress level. However, if dermatologists found that the skin conditions occur due to massive stress levels, they would consider you are taking psychological counselling first to alleviate your mental stress level.

Patients usually need treatment from both sides (Dermatologist and mental health experts). In most cases, mental health experts found that the stress generated from trauma, unexpected incidences like the death of close persons, social stress, and immense occupational pressure where employees won’t balance their work and personal life. All these factors contribute to major skin conditions.

The dermatologist also found that stress enhances many chronic dermatoses’ conditions, which begins a vicious cycle.

Treatment of Chronic dermatoses is a little difficult without measuring the stress level as an exacerbating element. Most of the patients hesitate to discuss their emotional conditions. But for chronic dermatitis, it is important to reduce stress.

Leading Skin specialists in Dubai always suggest patients join stress management classes, perform some mental relaxation techniques at home, read some positive books, listen to favourite music, pursue hobbies that will improve the mental condition, and gradually reduce anxiety level which is important to break the scratch and itch vicious cycle. 

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