Lung cancer has another name as bronchial carcinoma. Nearly 98–99% of all lung cancers are carcinomas that constitute malignant tumors inside the lungs. Lung cancer occurs by the uncontrolled growth of cells in the lung tissues. It may get in the form mostly of transformed, malignant cells that originate as epithelial cells, or from tissues composed of epithelial cells.
Other rare lung cancers include sarcoma of the lungs. They get into shape due to malignant transformation of connective tissues such as nerve, fat, muscle, bone. These connective tissues generally arise from mesenchymal cells. Some of the lymphomas and melanomas in your body can rarely result in lung cancer as well.
It can spread beyond your lungs either by direct extension, by entering the lymphatic circulation, or via the hematogenous, blood-borne spread. The process is referred to as metastasis. Major lung cancers are primary lung cancers which include two major types-
- Small-Cell Lung Carcinoma
- Non-Small Lung Carcinoma
Lung cancer is physically debilitating and emotionally distressing. Treatment is the top-most priority once you are diagnosed with lung cancer. Common treatments can include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Other treatments can be present along with it according to your condition. In addition to surgical removal of a lobe, complete pneumonectomy may be preferred by your doctor for you. In the case of pneumonectomy, you can survive with one lung. A healthy lung can function to remove all the carbon dioxide from your body and supply oxygen to different organs of your body.
Unfortunately, lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related death in men and the second-most cause of cancer-related death in women around the globe. Presently, if you are seeking treatment for lung cancer in India, Al Afiya Medi Tour is here to guide you and accordingly connect you to the best lung cancer treatment in India. We will help you get the lowest lung cancer treatment cost in India added to your expense.
What are the causes of lung cancer?
Here are some of the common causes of lung cancer-
It is the most common cause of lung cancer at large. Smoke emitted from cigarettes contains nearly 73 carcinogens including the radioactive isotope of polonium.
In non-smokers, passive smoking or the inhalation of smoke from another’s smoking is a cause of lung cancer.
- Radon gas-
It is a colorless and odorless gas and is another common cause of lung cancer. This gas causes mutations that sometimes undoubtedly become cancerous.
It can lead to a variety of lung diseases such as lung cancer. Tobacco smoking and exposure to asbestos together can lead to the development of lung cancer. Additionally, in smokers who work with asbestos, the risk of lung cancer is 45-folds as compared to the general population.
- Air pollution-
Air pollution, especially chemicals released from the burning of fossil fuels, increases the risk of lung cancer. Outdoor pollution can lead to 1-2% lung cancer.
Nearly 8% of lung cancers are because of genetic factors.
- Other Factors-
People suffering from systemic sclerosis have a higher risk of lung cancer. Also, some products of combustion and some metals can lead to lung cancer.
What symptoms can you experience in lung cancer?
The symptoms of lung cancer that you may experience include the following-
- There can be non-specific symptoms such as, poor appetite, weight loss, fever, fatigue.
- You can experience respiratory symptoms such as coughing, coughing up blood, wheezing, or shortness of breath.
- You can suffer from systemic symptoms that include weight loss, weakness, fever, or clubbing of the fingernails.
- There may be symptoms due to the cancer mass pressing on adjacent structures. They can include chest pain, bone pain, superior vena cava obstruction, or difficulty swallowing.
How will the doctor diagnose your lung cancer?
Your doctor will begin with case taking that includes taking your current and past medical history. You may also go through a physical examination and the doctor will analyse your family history of illness.
Further, the oncologist can recommend the following tests-
- Chest Radiograph-
One of the first investigative steps if a person reports symptoms that may be suggestive of lung cancer is Chest X-ray. The chest x-ray can suggest an obvious mass, the widening of the mediastinum. It may reveal involvement of lymph nodes. Additionally, atelectasis, consolidation, or pleural effusion can be present.
- Computed tomography-
CT imaging of the chest can reveal a spiculated mass which is highly suggestive of lung cancer. Moreover, CT imaging is also used to provide more information about the type and extent of disease.
- Bronchoscopic or CT-guided biopsy-
It helps in using samples of the tumor for histopathology. Besides, this can lead to confirmation of the diagnosis.
How can you get lung cancer treatment in India if you are from Ethiopia?
The lung treatment cost in India can vary from USD 1,300 to USD 38,000. You may need to stay in the hospital from 1 to 2 months.
Moreover, the other advantages of getting treatment in India include-
1. India has internationally recognized & highly experienced pulmonologists and other paramedical and nursing staff who make India one of the top medical tourism destinations. The highly qualified surgeons and doctors along with the well-skilled paramedical staff makes hospitals in India completely well-equipped to get the best lung cancer treatment.
- Lung cancer treatment cost in India is affordable. India is well-known with its top-quality research and extensive government investment each year, the lung cancer treatment in India becomes budget-friendly treatment to patients across the globe. You can also get Medicine, medicines, and latest therapies at the lung cancer hospital in India.
- You will get comprehensive care in Indian hospitals for cancer: Medical equipment such as PET scans, cyber knives, IMRTs, IGRTs, gamma knives and also Robotic Surgery Systems are there in the hospitals of India.
With simple document work including passport and visa under medical tourism, you can come from Ethiopia to India. For more information, you can email us at , or call us.